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According to statistics, many people across the globe have limited access to clean drinking water and clean water for other domestic uses.
In addition, many people have limited access to good sanitation across the globe. Access to clean water and good sanitation has been a major problem especially in developing countries. To address these issues, several international bodies have endeavored to provide philanthropic assistance especially in less developed countries to help in providing clean drinking water and sanitation for all.
Proper access to drinking water and sanitation has attracted more attention because it has become a major threat to the lives of many people globally. Poor access to clean water and sanitation contributed to many deaths mainly because of illnesses that are caused by contaminated water.
Therefore, this paper studies how supply of clean drinking water and proper sanitation across the globe and disease caused by unsafe water and sanitation. The paper also studies various initiatives that have been introduced by various humanitarian bodies with the aim of promoting supply of clean drinking water and establishment of proper sanitation services.
On the other hand, consumption of unsafe water can also contribute to complications in the human body, which can even result to death. Therefore, clean drinking water is an essential product in the human body. Lack of clean water and proper sanitation services have adverse effects on public health across the globe.
According to statistics, diarrhea kills about 2 million people globally every year, with the majority being children especially those below the age of 5 years McMann, On the other hand, proper sanitation is also deficient among many people in the globe.
Lack or proper sanitation have mainly been characterized with worldwide shortfalls in indispensable access to a hygienic toilet, and deficient service provision and household standards Bourne, For instance, wastewater is usually limited by only concentrating on collection of domestic liquid waste, with very little or no investment on the treatment of waste before it is disposed into water courses.
Poor people in many countries suffer from such low quality of services.
In addition, more that million people of people living in developing countries have no access to clean water, and they have consistently used unsafe drinking water sources. Insufficient access to safe and clean drinking water, poor hygiene practices and sanitation services has been the major causes of high deaths and sickness among children.
Many children lose their lives due to illness contributed by use of unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation every day across the globe. This is most common in developing countries due to their inability of their federal governments to provide clean water for use, as well as sanitation services.
This has resulted to diminished opportunities for many people and impoverishment. According to UNICEF, poor sanitation, lack of clean water as well as hygiene has other adverse effects on people across the globe. In some developing countries, children especially girls are mostly denied their right to quality education since the school they attend lack decent and private sanitation facilities.
In other countries, women spent most of their time fetching water at the expense of other vital duties that are essential in improving their standard of living.
In addition, lack of clean drinking water and sanitation has adverse effects on poor farmers as well as wage earners. As a matter of facts, poor wage earners and farmers especially in developing countries are less productive because of frequent illness contributed use of unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation.
As a result of serious problems associated with lack of clean water and improved sanitation, UNICEF has played a very critical role in improving sanitation facilities and water supplies in communities and schools in about 90 countries in which it operates.
Furthermore, it has played a considerable role in promoting safe hygienic practices.Read National Geographic's latest stories about the environment. Words Essay on the importance of Sanitation urine, sullage. and grey water), industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes. but also making a safer, cleaner, and hygienic environment.
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Save Water And Save The Future Environmental Sciences Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: the rate of population increase in urban areas outstrips attempts to improve provisions for water supply and sanitation. Environmental Sciences Essay Writing Service Free Essays More Environmental Sciences Essays Examples of Our Work.