Marissa on 12 Jul at 2:
Bookmark This month, Greater Good features videos of a presentation by Philip Zimbardo, the world-renowned psychologist perhaps best known for his infamous Stanford Prison Experiment. In his talk, Zimbardo discusses the psychology of evil and of heroism, exploring why good people sometimes turn bad and how we can encourage more people to perform heroic acts.
Read his essay on " The Banality of Heroism ," which further explores the conditions that can promote heroism vs. What makes us good? What makes us evil? Research has uncovered many answers to the second question: Evil can be fostered by dehumanization, diffusion of responsibility, obedience to authority, unjust systems, group pressure, moral disengagement, and anonymity, to name a few.
Advertisement X A three-course professional certificate series that teaches you the what, why, and how of increasing happiness at work. I believe that heroism is different than altruism and compassion. For the last five years, my colleagues and I have been exploring the nature and roots of heroism, studying exemplary cases of heroism and surveying thousands of people about their choices to act or not act heroically.
Finally, it is performed without external gain anticipated at the time of the act. Simply put, then, the key to heroism is a concern for other people in need—a concern to defend a moral cause, knowing there is a personal risk, done without expectation of reward. My work on heroism follows 35 years of research in which I studied the psychology of evil, including my work on the infamous Stanford Prison Experiment.
A key insight from research on heroism so far is that the very same situations that inflame the hostile imagination in some people, making them villains, can also instill the heroic imagination in other people, prompting them to perform heroic deeds. Christians who helped Jews were in the same situation as other civilians who helped imprison or kill Jews, or ignored their suffering.
The situation provided the impetus to act heroically or malevolently. Why did some people choose one path or the other? Instead, the line is permeable; people can cross back and forth between it. This is an idea wonderfully represented in an illusion by M. When you squint and focus on the white as the figures and the black as the background, you see a world full of angels and tutus dancing around happily.
But now focus on the black as the figures and the white as the background: That is, we all are born with the capacity to be anything.
Because of our incredible brains, anything that is imaginable becomes possible, anything that becomes possible can get transformed into action, for better or for worse.
We are all born with this tremendous capacity to be anything, and we get shaped by our circumstances—by the family or the culture or the time period in which we happen to grow up, which are accidents of birth; whether we grow up in a war zone versus peace; if we grow up in poverty rather than prosperity.
What he does and what we think of what he does depends on upon his circumstances. But we also posses an inner hero; if stirred to action, that inner hero is capable of performing tremendous goodness for others. Another conclusion from my research is that few people do evil and fewer act heroically.
So on this bell curve of humanity, villains and heroes are the outliers. The reluctant heroes are the rest. What we need to discover is how to give a call to service to this general population.
How do we make them aware of the evil that exists? How do we prevent them from getting seduced to the dark side?
I love the story of a wonderful nine-year-old Chinese boy, who I call a dutiful hero. The ceiling fell down on a school, killing almost all the kids in it. This kid escaped, and as he was running away he noticed two other kids struggling to get out.
He ran back and saved them. It was my duty, it was my job to look after my classmates! For him, it was cultivated by being assigned this role of hall monitor.
Irena Sendler was a Polish hero, a Catholic woman who saved at least 2, Jewish kids who were holed up in the Warsaw ghetto that the Nazis had erected. She was able to convince the parents of these kids to allow her to smuggle them out of the ghetto to safety. To do this, she organized a network. That is a key principle of heroism: Heroes are most effective not alone but in a network.A List of Character Traits Published by B.
McKenzie at am under Character Development, Writing Articles This list of words used to define and describe people will help you design characters for novels and other stories. What Are the Characteristics of a Hero? A: Quick Answer.
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What Makes Beowulf a Hero? What Were the Causes and Effects of Imperialism? Which Five Words or Phrase Best Describe Beowulf? Related Videos. Full Answer. The purpose of a tragic hero is to evoke sad emotions, such as pity and fear, which makes the audience experience catharsis, relieving them of their pent up emotions.
The tragic flaw of the hero leads to his demise or downfall that in turn brings tragic end. What Makes a Hero After spending over a week reading the story "Beowulf", we can all come to the conclusion that he is a hero. Sure, he saves countries from monsters, has incredible strength and wisdom, and is fearless- the typical fictional hero.
What makes a hero different than the average person is that they value their goal and are determined to reach it no matter what they must sacrifice. Heroic Examples: Shiva Nazar Ahari – She used her words to inspire freedom and change.
But those same words cost . "From their comic book origins, superheroes have migrated to novels, movies, cartoons, toys, TV shows and especially videogames. Throughout the history of gaming, the number of characters we've.