On January 12, disaster struck this already struggling nation. Death totals toppedand reliable industries and structures were destroyed, leaving the nation in a tough situation.
He described damage done by an earthquake inwriting that "only one masonry building had not collapsed" in Port-au-Prince; he also wrote that the "whole city collapsed" in the Port-au-Prince earthquake.
In addition to earthquakes, it has been struck frequently by tropical cyclones, which have caused flooding and widespread damage.
The most recent cyclones to hit the island before the earthquake were Tropical Storm Fay and Hurricanes GustavHanna and Ikeall in the summer ofcausing nearly deaths.
The Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone runs along the two linear valleys at the top of the image The magnitude 7. Shaking damage was more severe than for other quakes of similar magnitude due to the shallow depth of the quake. Wiggins-Grandison noted that the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone could be at the end of its seismic cycle and concluded that a worst-case forecast would involve a 7.
A UN representative reported that the aftershock collapsed seven buildings in the town. Further casualties are thought to have been minimal since people had been sleeping in the open. Witnesses told reporters that the sea first retreated and a "very big wave" followed rapidly, crashing ashore and sweeping boats and debris into the ocean.
This included all hospitals in the capital; air, sea, and land transport facilities; and communication systems.
Michel District Hospital in the southern town of Jacmel which was the largest referral hospital in south-east Haiti. The main road linking Port-au-Prince with Jacmel remained blocked ten days after the earthquake, hampering delivery of aid to Jacmel. When asked why the road had not been opened, Hazem el-Zein, head of the south-east division of the UN World Food Programme said that "We ask the same questions to the people in charge They promise rapid response.
To be honest, I don't know why it hasn't been done. I can only think that their priority must be somewhere else. The public telephone system was not available,  and two of Haiti's largest cellular telephone providers, Digicel  and Comcel Haiti both reported that their services had been affected by the earthquake.
Fibre-optic connectivity was also disrupted. According to RSF, some 20 of about 50 stations that were active in the capital region before the earthquake were back on air a week after the quake.
About half the nation's schools and the three main universities in Port-au-Prince were affected. In the nights following the earthquake, many people in Haiti slept in the streets, on pavements, in their cars, or in makeshift shanty towns either because their houses had been destroyed, or they feared standing structures would not withstand aftershocks.
Engineers have stated that it is unlikely many buildings would have stood through any kind of disaster.
Structures are often raised wherever they can fit; some buildings were built on slopes with insufficient foundations or steel supports.The earthquake which struck Haiti on Tuesday 12th January , caused massive loss of lives. Its epicentre was 10 miles west of Port-au-Prince, a densely packed urban centre of more than 2 .
Figure III Effect of Satisfaction with the Performance of the Current .. 43 Figure III Interpersonal Trust in Haiti, .. 44 Figure III The Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic disaster; the earthquake measured on the Richter scale.
Its epicenter was near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km west of Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince. The earthquake occurred on Tuesday, January 12th, By January 24th, at least 52 aftershocks had been recorded, most measuring on the Richter scale.
Haiti earthquake of , large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, , on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island.
The earthquake in Haiti, having a magnitude of and an epicenter of Leogane, not only left , people dead, , people injured, and 1,, people homeless; but also left an already troubled political structure, lying in the rubble.
HAITI BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE Haiti was th of countries in the UN Human Development Index, which is the lowest in the Western Hemisphere More than 70% of people in Haiti were living on less than per day Haiti Earthquake Facts and Figures; Haiti Earthquake Facts and Figures 06/02/ RESPONSE AND RECOVERY JULY - JULY