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Teaching reading IS rocket science. Reading is a complicated process, which is why so many children struggle to become strong readers. The process of learning to read can be particularly challenging for English language learners ELLsespecially if they have little or no formal schooling and they have not learned to read in their native language.
This report is a study of research-based best practices in reading instruction and it focuses on the following five instructional areas: Each of these topics is explored below, and each section includes: Phonemic Awareness and English Language Learners Phonemic awareness is one of the best predictors of how well children will learn to read during the first two years of school instruction.
Sometimes it is nearly impossible, however, for speakers of a second language to "hear" and say sounds in the language they are learning.
Perhaps you have had a student Methods of teaching english english language essay simply could not master a particular sound in English.
Chances are good that that sound was not a part of the student's native language, and so the student didn't have the ability to produce that sound.
I experienced this when learning Sinhala in the Peace Corps. There was a "th" sound that seemed to be a combination "d" and "th," and no matter how hard I tried, I could not hear or produce the sound correctly.
I knew which words it belonged in, but I couldn't say it. The native Sinhala speakers struggled to make sense of my pronunciation. ELLs may have similar difficulties with sounds that are not a part of their native language. Challenges and Strategies What: The ability to hear and manipulate the different sounds in our language.
Phonemic awareness is the foundation for spelling and word recognition skills. Challenges for ELLs Sound recognition and production Students may not be able to "hear" or produce a new sound in a second language.
Students who cannot hear and work with the phonemes of spoken words will have a difficult time learning how to relate these phonemes to letters when they see them in written words.
Strategies for ELLs Model production of the sound Spend a few minutes at the beginning of class or in small groups demonstrating and reinforcing the correct production of the sound. Help beginning readers learn to identify sounds in short words Have students practice identifying the sounds in the beginning, middle, and end of these words.
You may wish to use words that begin with a consonant, have a short vowel, and end in a consonant CVC words such as mat, top, and bus. One very effective method is having students match pictures of words that have the same beginning, middle, or ending sound.
Be careful to use only words that students know in English! Phonics and English Language Learners Phonics instruction aims to help new readers understand that there are systematic and predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds.
Students will benefit from learning and practicing sounds and symbols, including blended combinations. This is fairly common in the primary grades and ELLs may pick up the code very quickly and appear to be fairly proficient readers. However, it's important to remember that knowledge of phonics and decoding does not ensure good comprehension.
The relationship between a sound and its corresponding written letter. Reading development is dependent on the understanding that letters and letter patterns represent the sounds of spoken language.
Challenges for ELLs Limited literacy skills in native language Many educators believe that students only need to learn to read once. Once the concept of matching a symbol with a sound has been learned, it can be applied to new languages.
Students who have learned to read in their native language have a distinct advantage because they were able to learn this concept with familiar sounds and words.
Unfamiliar vocabulary words It is difficult for students to distinguish phonetic components in new vocabulary words. Preteaching vocabulary is an important part of good phonics instruction with ELLs so that students aren't trying to figure out new vocabulary items out of context.
Strategies for ELLs Using literature and content material, you can introduce and reinforce:The aim of this area of study is to allow students to explore language variety. Students will study the key concepts of audience, purpose, genre and mode and will explore language in its wider social and geographical contexts.
Situational language teaching is one of the methods that can be used to teach English to young learners. This method emphasizes on speech as an important aspect of learning and application of what has been learned to situations outside the classroom.
Language teaching methods are dependent on and influenced by different theories of language and language learning. The history of language teaching puts forward different kinds of methods. These methods are adopted by different people in different situations according to the need of the learners.
GUIDELINES FOR THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Compiled by the SSPX. Once, someone asked Mother Janet Erskine Stuart 1 "why have we spent so long upon the teaching of English in the short time at our disposal?" and she answered.
Modern methods of teaching English Language The questions of effectiveness, reliability, and the conditions of each method application will be answered in the paper. The purpose of the essay is to determine the most optimal methods for learning English.
The aim of this area of study is to allow students to explore language diversity and change over time. Students will study the key concepts of audience, purpose, genre and mode and will explore language in its wider social, geographical and temporal contexts.