Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech: Did it create, accelerate or merely acknowledge the onset of the Cold War? He used the phrase "Iron Curtain" to describe the European border between the Democracies of the West and the Communist-controlled countries of the East. As an extension activity, students consider the role played by the Kennan Telegram in the onset of the Cold War, and analyse cartoons about the Iron Curtain speech from both a Soviet and a Western perspective.
Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb. The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States. To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending.
Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II.
In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high.
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan.
Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere. The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well. People built bomb shelters in their backyards.
They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures.
In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U.
Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well. In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.
More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government.NEW BOOK: Buy Now!
|Coming Soon !||Berlin Blockade After the Marshall Planthe introduction of a new currency to Western Germany to replace the debased Reichsmark and massive electoral losses for communist parties inin Junethe Soviet Union cut off surface road access to Berlin. On the day of the Berlin Blockade, a Soviet representative told the other occupying powers "We are warning both you and the population of Berlin that we shall apply economic and administrative sanctions that will lead to circulation in Berlin exclusively of the currency of the Soviet occupation zone.|
|The Cold War: Containment||Did it create, accelerate or merely acknowledge the onset of the Cold War? He used the phrase "Iron Curtain" to describe the European border between the Democracies of the West and the Communist-controlled countries of the East.|
|From the SparkNotes Blog||Berlin Blockade After the Marshall Planthe introduction of a new currency to Western Germany to replace the debased Reichsmark and massive electoral losses for communist parties inin Junethe Soviet Union cut off surface road access to Berlin. On the day of the Berlin Blockade, a Soviet representative told the other occupying powers "We are warning both you and the population of Berlin that we shall apply economic and administrative sanctions that will lead to circulation in Berlin exclusively of the currency of the Soviet occupation zone.|
A. Long-term roots of the Cold War before Study Guide with past examination questions / syllabus details The first half of the 20th century was dominated by the "European Civil War" of , which left the continent broken and exhausted. Oct 16, · Cold War Berlin ( - ) Documentary HD Documentary House Loading Unsubscribe from Documentary House ?
. This is a timeline of the main events of the Cold War, a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union, its allies in the Warsaw Pact and later the People's Republic of China.
A summary of The Postwar World: – in History SparkNotes's The Cold War (–). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Cold War (–) and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
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Choose from different sets of cold war flashcards on Quizlet. Oct 27, · Watch video · In , the Soviets tested an atom bomb of their own. In June , the first military action of the Cold War began when the Soviet-backed North Korean People’s Army invaded its pro-Western.