Download Essay Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Arizona Statehood and Constitution: Arizona Statehood Arizona became the 48th state of the union on February 14,the last of the lower continuous states to join the nation. Despite this Arizona has archaeological evidence dating back thousands of years which leads some to believe it is one of the oldest states to be continually populated, long before Europeans inhabited the Americas.
The Gadsden Purchase shown with present-day state boundaries and cities Arizona Territory in Starting inthe entirety of present-day Arizona was part of the New Mexico Territory.
Inthe California Gold Rush led as many as 50, miners to travel across the region, leading to a boom in Arizona's population. Before the Apache raiders expelled most Mexican ranchers. One result was that large herds of wild cattle roamed southeastern Arizona, Bythe herds were gone, killed by Apaches, American sportsmen, contract hunting for the towns of Fronteras and Santa Cruz, and roundups to sell to hungry Mexican War soldiers.
They especially wanted restoration of mail service. Inthe U. Prescott was a small village when it was replaced by Tucson as the territorial capitol in This ornate grain basket by Akimel O'odham dates from the early 20th century, showing the Native American dimension to the state's culture Native American relations[ edit ] In the late 19th century the Army built a series of forts to encourage the Natives to stay in their territory and to act as a buffer from the settlers.
The first was Fort Defiance. It was established on September 18,by Col. Sumner broke up the fort at Santa Fe for this purpose, creating the first military post in what is now Arizona.
In April one thousand Navajo warriors under Manuelito attacked the fort and were beaten off. Carson was tasked by Brigadier-General James H. CarletonCommander of the Federal District of New Mexico, to kill Navajo men, destroy crops, wells, houses and livestock.
The Bosque was a complete failure. In the Navajo signed another treaty and were allowed to go back to part of their former territory. The returning Navajo were restocked with sheep and other livestock. Only one small battle took placein Septemberwith three soldiers wounded. When the reservation Indians were granted U.
From the fort was the base for the "Buffalo Soldiers" black soldiers of the 10th Cavalry Regiment.
During World War II, the fort expanded to 25, soldiers, mostly in segregated all-black units. Today the fort remains in operation and houses the U. Army Intelligence Center and the U. However, in Junethe army had to bring in troops to stop Oraibi from preventing a school from being built on their mesa.
They introduced their proven range methods to the new grass country. Texas rustlers also came, and brought lawlessness. Inexperienced ranchers brought poor management, resulting in overstocking, and introduced destructive diseases.
Local cattleman organizations were formed to handle these problems.The 50 States of the U.S.A. Last update April JUMP TO. Comprehensive Sites on All 50 States INFO ON SPECIFIC STATES: A-C, D-L, M-R, S-W, U.S. Territories. Boundaries of . Directory of dates that states were admitted into the union of the United States of America.
Arizona State Constitution The Arizona Revised Statutes have been updated to include the revised sections from the 52nd Legislature, 2nd Regular Session.
Please note that the next update of this compilation will not take place until after the conclusion of the 53rd Legislature, 1st Regular Session, which convenes on January 9, The history of Arizona encompasess Spanish, Mexican, and American periods.
Arizona was part of the state of Sonora, Mexico from , but the settled population was small. In , under the terms of the Mexican Cession the United States took possession of Arizona above the Gila River after the Mexican War, which became part of the Territory of New Mexico.
The history of Arizona encompasess Spanish, Mexican, and American periods. Arizona was part of the state of Sonora, Mexico from , but the settled population was small.
In , under the terms of the Mexican Cession the United States took possession of Arizona above the Gila River after the Mexican War, which became part of the Territory of New Mexico.
As such, the Arizona constitution has endeavored to effectively guide the State of Arizona by impacting on the state’s counties, schools, municipalities and corporations.
This paper will discuss these distinct effects.